Sleep Disorders

Gowani Medical Sleep Disorders Center is a state-of-the-art facility dedicated to diagnose and manage all causes of sleep disturbance.The center provides personalized bedrooms to enjoy the benefits of a better night’s rest. Patients undergo sleep observation using top-of-theline equipment under the supervision of qualified personnel for the best possible results.

Dr. Yasmeen Gowani is an experienced sleep physician who helps patients identify and find help for a variety of sleep problems. She provides consultation and management regarding the full spectrum of sleep disorders.

As of March 13, 2009, The Gowani Medical Sleep Disorder Center received full accreditation from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. This is a distinction of excellence in the field of Sleep Medicine.

What Is an Sleep Apnea?

Sleep apnea (AP-ne-ah) is a common disorder in which you have one or more pauses in breathing or shallow breaths while you sleep.

Breathing pauses can last from a few seconds to minutes. They may occur 30 times or more an hour. Typically, normal breathing then starts again, sometimes with a loud snort or choking sound.

Sleep apnea usually is a chronic (ongoing) condition that disrupts your sleep. When your breathing pauses or becomes shallow, you’ll often move out of deep sleep and into light sleep.

As a result, the quality of your sleep is poor, which makes you tired during the day. Sleep apnea is a leading cause of excessive daytime sleepiness.


Sleep apnea often goes undiagnosed. Doctors usually can’t detect the condition during routine office visits. Also, no blood test can help diagnose the condition.

Most people who have sleep apnea don’t know they have it because it only occurs during sleep. A family member or bed partner might be the first to notice signs of sleep apnea.

The most common type of sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea. In this condition, the airway collapses or becomes blocked during sleep. This causes shallow breathing or breathing pauses.

When you try to breathe, any air that squeezes past the blockage can cause loud snoring. Obstructive sleep apnea is more common in people who are overweight, but it can affect anyone. For example, small children who have enlarged tonsil tissues in their throats may have obstructive sleep apnea.

Central sleep apnea is a less common type of sleep apnea. This disorder occurs if the area of your brain that controls your breathing doesn’t send the correct signals to your breathing muscles. As a result, you’ll make no effort to breathe for brief periods. Central sleep apnea can affect anyone. However, it’s more common in people who have certain medical conditions or use certain medicines. Central sleep apnea can occur with obstructive sleep apnea or alone. Snoring typically doesn’t happen with central sleep apnea.

Common Symptoms

  • High blood pressure
  • Rapid weight gain, over-weight
  • Loud snoring
  • Restless sleep
  • Nocturnal snorting, gasping, choking
  • Fatigue and sleepiness during daytime
  • Irritability, difficulty concentrating
  • Confusion upon awakening
  • Reduced libido
  • Insomnia
  • Frequent urination at night

Questions to help you decide

  • Do you snore?Y/N
  • Are you always tired?Y/N
  • Do you have a problem falling asleep?Y/N
  • Do you wake up frequently at night?Y/N
  • Do you dream a lot? Y/N
  • Do you walk/talk in your sleep?Y/N
  • Do you kick and turn in your sleep?Y/N
  • Do you wake up gasping for air or screaming?Y/N
  • Do you feel rested after a regular night’s sleep?Y/N
  • Do you have creepy or restless feelings in your legs?Y/N
  • Do you wake up too early?Y/N

Mystery of Sleep Terminology

Driving Sleepy

  • Difficulty keeping eyes open.
  • Impaired judgment and vision.
  • Trouble focusing and tailgating.
  • Increased moodiness and aggressive behavior.

Sleep Apnea

  • During sleep, upper airway partially or completely collapses causing reduced or complete cessation or airflow, rousing the sleeper.
  • Snoring interrupted by frequent episodes of totally obstructed breathing
  • Trouble concentrating, morning headaches, anxiety, irritability, and excessive daytime sleepiness


  • Sleep Walking
  • Sleep Terrors, such as screaming, shouting, nightmares. etc.
  • Sleep-related eating without remembering

Restless Leg Syndrome

  • Prickly and tingling sensations that cause sleepers to constantly flex and stretch legs to ease discomfort


  • Excessive daytime drowsiness with a tendency to sleep at inappropriate times
  • Sleep paralysis
  • Vivid, dream-like experiences and hallucinations